Birth Control Information


 

Birth Control Options

The choice of birth control is very personal. The best or most ideal option for you depends upon many factors including your age, your lifestyle, your health and of course your individual contraceptive goals. There are several options including oral contraceptive pills, intramuscular injections, transdermal implants and IUDs to name a few. If you are looking for permanent contraception method there are several procedures including tubal ligation and Essure tubal occlusion.

Please reference our pages which outline a few types of contraception methods.

For additional information or questions, please call our office to schedule an appointment to discuss your Contraceptive Goals with one of our providers.


 Birth Control Pills

Oral Contraceptive Pills

Birth Control Pills contain hormones that prevent you from ovulating. These cause other changes within the body that also prevent pregnancy such as a thicker mucus in the cervix and a thinner uterine lining. Both make conception much more difficult.

How effective are they in preventing pregnancy?

About 8 in every 100 women will become pregnant during the first year of using birth control pills. When used perfectly, only 1 in every 100 women become pregnant during the first year. The pill is most effective when taken every day at the same time of day.

What side effects are associated?

When starting, any birth control pill has a likelihood of breakthrough bleeding during the first couple of months. Breakthrough bleeding is normal and is usually temporary as the body adjusts to the change in your hormone levels.

Other side effects are normal as well and include:

  • headache
  • breast tenderness
  • nausea
  • irregular bleeding
  • missed period
  • weight gain
  • anxiety or depression
  • excessive body hair growth
  • acne

 

Birth Control Shots

Depo-Provera Injection?

Depo-Provera is a birth control shot containing a type of progesterone. It is injected about every 12 weeks by your healthcare provider into the arm or buttocks. Each shot provides protection against pregnancy for up to 14 weeks but the shot should be received every 12 weeks to remain fully protected. Depo-Provera works as soon as it is injected.

How effective is it in preventing pregnancy?

Depo-Provera is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy, meaning only about one in every 100 women become pregnant within the first year of using Depo-Provera.

What side effects are associated?

Some side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Nervousness
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Acne
  • Change in appetite
  • Weight gain
  • Loss of bone mineral density

 

Implants

Nexplanon Implant?

An implant is a thin plastic rod about the size of a match stick. Our office offers Nexplanon as a great option. Your doctor or provider inserts the implant under the skin of your upper arm. This is performed in the office. The rod slowly releases a very low level of hormone into the body. The device will work for at least 3 years. It may be removed by your healthcare provider after 3 years or before if you wish.

How effective is it in preventing pregnancy?

less than 1 out of every 100 women become pregnant within a year while using an implant.

What side effects are associated?

Side effects include:

  • nausea
  • stomach cramps/bloating
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • breast tenderness
  • acne
  • hair loss
  • weight gain
  • vaginal irritation
  • missed period
  • spotting

Intrauterine Device

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small t-shaped device about an inch in length and width. This small device contains hormones that are released and prevent fertilization of an egg by damaging sperm, making the mucus in the cervix thick, and by thinning the lining of the uterus. The hormones within an IUD also reduce bleeding and cramping during your period. An IUD lasts 3-5 years and sometimes longer, depending upon the device. How effective is it in preventing pregnancy?

The IUD is very effective. About 2 out of every 1,000 women become pregnant within the first year of having an IUD.

What side effects are associated?

Side effects of an IUD include:

  • ovarian cycts which usually go away on their own
  • breast tenderness
  • mood swings
  • headaches
  • acne

Permanent Sterilization

How does Sterilization work?

Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Our office provides two types of sterilization, ESSURE Tubal Occlusion and Bilateral Tubal Ligation. Both involve obstructing the fallopian tubes. ESSURE is done in the office as an “out-patient” procedure and Bilateral Tubal Ligation is done as a minimally-invasive surgery in the Hospital.

How effective is it in preventing pregnancy?

Less than 1 out of every 100 women become pregnant within the first year after having permanent sterilization done.

What side effects are associated?

You will likely feel some pain in your abdomen after sterilization and may feel tired. Some other side effects that may occur are:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Shoulder pain
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Gassy or bloated feeling
  • Sore throat (from the breathing tube if general anesthesia was used)

Vaginal Ring

How does the Vaginal Ring work?

A vaginal ring is a small flexible ring that is inserted each month into the vagina. It releases hormones just like birth control pills and is replaced after each month. For 3 weeks it is left in and the next week you have your period, then you insert a new ring and start they cycle over again. The hormones within a vaginal ring prevent ovulation and make cervical mucus thicker to prevent sperm from entering through the cervix.

How effective is it in preventing pregnancy?

If used incorrectly, about 9 out of every 100 women will become pregnant within the first year of use. If used correctly, only 1 out of every 100 women will become pregnant within the first year of use.

What side effects are associated?

Common side effects include:

  • spotting
  • breast tenderness
  • nausea
  • vaginal irritation/infection

Call our office & schedule an appointment to talk about your contraceptive options.

Location
Women's and Maternity Care Specialists
147 Moray Lane
Winter Park, FL 32792
Phone: 321-304-6249
Fax: 321-304-6004
Office Hours

Get in touch

321-304-6249